Mode Switching and Linear Stability Analysis of Resonant Acoustic Flows

Mode Switching and Linear Stability Analysis of Resonant Acoustic Flows

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Resonant acoustic flows occur in a wide variety of practical, aerospace-related applications and are a rich source of complex flow-physics. The primary concern associated with these types of flows is the high-amplitude fluctuating pressures associated with the resonant tones that could lead to sonic fatigue failure of sensitive components in the vicinity of such flows. However, before attempting to devise methods to suppress the resonant tones, it is imperative to understand the physics governing these flows in the hope that such an understanding will lead to more robust and effective suppression techniques. To this end, an in-depth study of various resonant acoustic flows was undertaken in this thesis, the main aim being to bring about a better understanding of such flows by revealing physically relevant information. Starting with the resonant acoustic mechanism in underexpanded jets from two-dimensional nozzles, it was shown that, for a variety of flow situations (geometries, shock-cell structures and orientations) in such jets, the nonlinear interaction density acted as a faithful precursor to a, hitherto unpredictable, spanwise instability mode switch. Following this, a study of the occurrence of, previously undocumented and theoretically unexpected, helical instabilities in subsonic impinging jets was undertaken. Using metrics from linear stability analysis, it was shown that the presence of the helical modes was justified. The results from this study on impinging jets are directly applicable to modern Stationary Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) aircraft that have twin, closely spaced exhausts. Finally, a novel technique that yielded dramatic suppression of resonant acoustic tones using high frequency excitation, in subsonic flows over open cavities, was investigated. Linear stability calculations of the experimentally measured baseline and excited velocity profiles showed that the instability of the high frequency excitation corresponded to a spatially decaying mode, which in turn lead to the resonance suppression associated with this mechanism. The experimental results showed good agreement with linear stability calculations for the measured mean velocity profiles. It is hoped that the work presented in this thesis will further the understanding of resonant acoustic flows and provide insights that can lead to better control techniques in the future.Both these facilities are supplied with air from a common compressed air supply system. The following sections contain a ... A schematic diagram of the system is shown in Figure 2.1. The compressor bank is made of four compressors, three of which are of the reciprocating type viz. Worthington, Champion and Gardner- Denver, and one of which is a screw type viz. the Bauer. The technical details andanbsp;...

Title:Mode Switching and Linear Stability Analysis of Resonant Acoustic Flows
Author: Praveen Panickar
Publisher:ProQuest - 2008

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