Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict

Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict

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Over the past twenty-five years, significant changes in the conduct of wars have increasingly placed civilians in traditional military roles - employing civilians to execute drone strikes, the targeted killing of suspected terrorists, the use of private security contractors in combat zones, and the spread of cyber attacks. Under the laws of armed conflict, civilians cannot be targeted unless they take direct part in hostilities. Once civilians take action, theybecome targets. This book analyses the complex question of how to identify just who those civilians are.Identifying the Enemy examines the history of civilian participation in armed conflict and how the law has responded to such action. It asks the crucial question: what is direct participation in hostilities? The book slices through the attempts to untie this Gordian knot, and shows that the changing nature of warfare has called into question the very foundation of the civilian/military dichotomy that is at the heart of the law of armed conflict.79 Indeed, it was this very concern that stopped US President Ronald Reagan from submitting Additional Protocol I to the Senate for ratification, stating concerns regarding an instrument which would: grant combatant status to irregular forces even if they do not satisfy the traditional ... 79 United Kingdom Ministry of Defence, The Joint Service Manual of the Law of Armed Conflict, JSP 383, (2004), at 4.5.1.

Title:Identifying the Enemy: Civilian Participation in Armed Conflict
Author: Emily Crawford
Publisher:OUP Oxford - 2015-07-23

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